Even though the architecture is now completely new and related to some things, even our homes may even start. Even though there is a lot of damage in the future. There will be a number that will occur as planned in the next few days. Like this, there are some modules on the right now, which are in the middle of the city. As a result, in fact, this base is developing into a modular which is a multiple of the basic formula. This is the essence of the learning modular building manufacturers.
The use of learning modular building manufacturers in time is very much in the past. I just got started by the size of the air and how come I was on that day. Nowadays, it is really something because of the fact that all the buildings (modular from now on) have been made from various kinds of things. Even though they are now demanding that they can be found on a fixed basis. There are also various functional values and aesthetics. Therefore it is necessary to spend everything every day, when it happens, coordination between you saves time, money, money and labor. This system treats a number of components which are connected to one another in terms of the size of the module or like it (Sutter and Purnama, 1983).
Learning Modular Building Manufacturers
Although thіѕ modular ѕуѕtеm is rеlаtіvеlу nеw іn industrial dеvеlорmеnt аnd the learning modular building manufacturers has not уеt been widely аdорtеd. The use оf thіѕ ѕуѕtеm hаѕ begun to bе uѕеd, especially іn developing bіg сіtіеѕ. And rеquіrеѕ a more еffісіеnt development ѕуѕtеm with mіnіmаl еxреndіturе. Bеуоnd аll іtѕ аdvаntаgеѕ, a futuristic system This оf соurѕе also has vаrіоuѕ weaknesses. Thеѕе strengths аnd weaknesses nееd tо bе understood bеfоrе thе ѕtаrt оf dеvеlорmеnt іn order tо mіnіmіzе losses.
Modular systems are methods of implementing development by utilizing fabricated materials. Or components that are made outside the project site or in project locations. But need to be integrated first among the components. Where they should be the position of these components (Tatum et al, 1987). A learning modular building manufacturers or construction refers more to volumetric space, not as a part of space such as a wall, roof or floor, but as a unit of space. A modular average has been completed 60% -90% outside the site. That is in the factory, then transported and assembled within the site of a project (Velamati, 2012).
Many architectural elements are measured and made comparisons not only based on their properties and structural functions. But also by the manufacturing process. Because these elements are mass-produced inside the factory. They have measures and proportions of the standards imposed on them by individual producers and industry standards.
The Basic Model
Because in the end the basic module must become one and achieve a high degree of compatibility in the construction of a building. The standard size and proportion of the elements produced in the plant will affect the size, proportion and distance of the other materials as well. Standard doors and windows must be sized and proportional to fit in the wall opening module. Wood or metal support must be given a distance to receive the thin material module.
The development of fabricated material modules has led to the understanding that the process of building modular buildings is faster and more economical, both in terms of cost and time of construction, rather than buildings that do not use modules. Changsa, China. This building has 220 floors and is about 2,749 feet high, and is under construction. Menayang (2015) said that until now the construction of the tower has reached 57 floors for 19 days.
Role of Modular Fabrication in Efforts to Save Energy and Material Waste
Fabrication systems in the construction of modular buildings can not only be the same or superior to traditional buildings in terms of quality. But with a controlled manufacturing process that minimizes energy and material waste during the construction process in the field. Modularity in construction systems allows the relocation and re-use of buildings without demolizing and disposing of waste so as to save energy.
Energy Positive Relocate Classroom by architect Mark Anderson and Peter Anderson. Can be an example of how modular architecture plays a role in saving energy and material waste. Building design is made with the concept of energy saving with a modular method that is fabricated to reduce costs and energy. Allow relocation or re-use at any time, and minimize construction waste.
The architectural elements are arranged in modules to make it easy to disassemble. Modular space formed is actually a combination of several modules that can be further divided such as wall panel modules. Floor tile modules, carpet tile synthesis flooring, metal siding, metal sunshade, plywood panels, and cork tackboard. These modules have been set to a certain size in fabrication. So that they can be directly arranged in the field without modifying dimensions. With this system there is no material waste from the construction process because the modules have been measured from the start.
Buildings with Fabrication Materials Are Not Sure to Save
Most people assume that building a house using fabricated materials can save costs and time, while it is also environmentally friendly because the construction is done off-site so as to reduce noise pollution and construction waste.
Chad Ludeman, an owner of a construction company engaged in the hybrid construction field. Raised several issues about prefabricated houses and then opposed them (Chad, 2008). In his article, he said that the issue of prefabrication home is more cost effective, saving construction waste. And saving time is just a myth or not true.
Regarding costs, he said that the average price of homes with fabricated materials in America is around $ 250 / sqft. Which can then increase to $ 300 to $ 400 / sqft. This reality, according to him, is far above the construction of houses with conventional construction which ranges from $ 125- $ 150 / sqft.
Related to construction waste, Chad said that most fabrication material factories stated that the material produced less construction waste compared to conventional materials. But in reality, fabrication materials require 20-30% more raw material in terms of shipping and packaging these materials to the construction site.
In terms of time savings, many fabrication material companies have stated that their development is far faster than conventional methods. Because the material has been packaged at the factory. However, the actual process inside the factory takes a long time. The fabrication process takes an average of around 6-12 months. So that the material is finished because it requires testing and all kinds. When compared with conventional methods that take 4-5 months, then where is the time savings from fabrication material ?
Modular Architecture and Genius Loci
Each location or site is unique and has its own characteristics and challenges so it is not possible to build a prototype building for all locations. Modular in modern architecture that is closely related to fabrication systems presents an efficient design method. This is theoretically ideal, but lacks character and special details in its application.
The development of prefabricated material which has the effect of the emergence of modular architecture designed based on material modules in various parts of the world, so that a uniform design can be found everywhere and obscures the local wisdom of local architecture. One form of architecture that is rapidly developing is the use of containers as space so that an architecture consists of container modules.
Material, in that case, container as a space module greatly influences the shape of the architecture. With the development of the modular container architecture in various countries the container architecture can be applied anywhere. So that the three buildings look similar and have no local value.
Knowing Japanese Architecture
However, not always buildings that are designed with certain modules do not have local wisdom. It can be found in Japanese architecture which is designed using tatami as a space module. According to Antariksa (2005), tatami became an important design module in the 16th and 17th centuries.
The entire floor of the room is covered with tatami, and the columns are positioned according to the dimensions and arrangements of the tatami. Contrary to the previous procedure, laying tatami between existing columns. The area of space is generally expressed in terms of the number of tatami. This marks a change from the structure module to the spatial module in design in Japan.
Tatami as a function module based on the size of the human body and furniture. This module is very closely related to Japanese architecture. Because almost all buildings, especially residences, are built based on the 1x2m module, and even those modules are part of Japanese architectural design.
Challenges of Architect Creativity in Modular Design
Learning modular building manufacturers will certainly provide a certain condition for the creativity of the architect in designing the building. Modular systems that have certain standards can provide limitations in determining the shape of a building. The modular system in the form of a box will certainly affect the overall shape of the building assembled. Architects cannot change the modular form that has been fabricated so that the design must be started long before the field in determining the learning modular building manufacturers.
Learning modular building manufacturers of the architectural opportunity in this system is in the modular modular arrangement so that it can connect and function properly. Not only that, an architect is also expected to fulfill the aesthetic aspects so that the building looks beautiful. It is a challenge to the architect.
if you want to learning modular building manufacturers. Then you must to know about the role of the architect in creating a modular but friendly building can be found in Kampung Deret Pringgondani in Solo. The village is intended to relocate residents who occupy illegal housing. The village is houses that line up with an area of 12 square meters with a size of 3 × 4 meters. Each building itself consists of 2 floors. The 3×4 modules used in designing the building are based more on the consideration of land and available costs. The Village is a challenge for architects to create designs that can accommodate user needs in a limited area.
Modular Architecture as a Design Style
Along with learning modular building manufacturers in the development of postmodern architecture. Modular architecture began to move from a design guideline to a design style. In addition to container architecture that has developed in various countries. There are also modular building designs that utilize prefabricated materials such as the Prefabricated Skycubes design and Apartment Design in Hong Kong. Which is consists of a space module where these units can be moved from one location to another.
In addition, in Japan there is also a growing flow of architectural metabolism that uses modular design. One of them is Nagakin Apartment by Kisho Kurokawa which is often called capsule architecture.
Prospects for Modular Architecture in Development
Learning modular building manufacturers are not only limited to material modules, materials or structures. But have developed since the era of classical architecture. Departing from the understanding that modular architecture is an architecture designed using certain modules the modules cannot be separated from architecture.
In designing buildings, especially modern architecture, architects must be guided by certain modules but how complex the modules are used. Both function modules, structures or materials as the smallest size of space varies from one another.
Modular buildings have the prospect of developing, especially with the technology and prefabricated materials supporting material modules and structural modules. However, user factors must not be separated in designing modular buildings. Here is the role of architects in utilizing existing prefabricated materials to create spectacular designs while paying attention to user-friendly space.