How to Develop Motor Skills in Early Childhood
Develop motor skills are those that require the use of large muscles at the end of the body. Namely, the muscles located on the legs, arms and trunk.
Therefore, gross motor skills include activities such as walking, running, doing some physical activity, such as sports, for example. In this way, we can see that such skills are clearly different from fine motor skills.
Under normal circumstances, all children develop large muscles through playing and exercising. However, when we realize that this does not happen because they have one or several difficulties, we must help them through stimulation with the help of a specialist.
Usually, gross motor skills begin to be increased in early childhood. The evolution begins when the baby begins to lift his head. And the important point is the period in which babies start crawling and walking.
When you walk up and down stairs, crawl, jump, run, shake your arms and lengthen your body, the child will get coordination, work in balance and gain mastery of the body in general.
Failure to gain control of gross motor skills can cause problems in aspects such as coordination, for example.
In other words, babies or children with thick motor difficulties may have difficulty even sitting and waking up, for example. In the school environment, it will be seen as an awkward child, which can cause other types of problems, such as isolation, inferiority, etc.
"One of the secrets to developing gross motor skills is understanding what the body can do at a certain age."
- Erica Patino -
Step to Develop Motor Skills
Skills development is something that must be analyzed during a child's growth. This is not just about learning to walk. The importance of going further. Thick motor skills are the gateway to other activities involving mastery of the body, said Kate Kelly, a writer who specializes in parental care.
So, around the age of 4 months, babies can rest on their elbows and keep their heads. Over time, he can turn his stomach. At 6 months, the baby begins to sit and with this exercise the trunk muscles. About 7-10 months, he began to crawl.
Since then, babies use their arm and leg muscles to support themselves and wake up until they are 12 months old and start walking. However, developing gross motor skills doesn't stop there.
After walking, children learn to run, jump, and even maintain a balance for a short time.
How to help children develop motor skills?
The answer to this question is quite simple: let the child play freely.
When you are a baby and learn to hold your head straight or rotate your body, you only have to pay attention to your movements so that your child will not get hurt. In addition, you can stimulate small corsets through various types of exercises. This will help you strengthen your muscles.
When you start crawling, you can leave the baby for a few moments on the floor. Lay her stomach down and let her start using her arms and legs alone to lift herself up.
Little by little the baby will begin to crawl. When you start walking, you have to encourage him to continue playing and having fun. However, certain games help children and adults to have fun and learn how to coordinate the body. Here are some of them :
Play Hide and Seek
Hiding your face with your hands and playing "where is the baby" is the first joke we made. When children grow up and learn to walk, hide and count, playing hide and seek becomes something more complicated and fun. Especially because it involves skills such as running.
This is a very good activity for exercise and fun, you only need to move a little. Dancing in song rhythm is a fun and complete exercise that all humans can do throughout their lives and not only helps coordinate the movements of the arms and legs, but also, like other exercises, provides well-being.
Play on a Swing or Play a Hopscotch
It seems extraordinary, but activities as simple as swinging or playing hopscotch help children develop balance and coordination because both activities require legs to balance body weight. And, in general, being in an amusement park where children can skate or climb bars help develop motor skills.